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Comparing estimated cost-effectiveness of micronutrient intervention programs using primary and secondary data: evidence from Cameroon

Designing a cost-effective portfolio of micronutrient intervention programs is complex and generally undertaken with limited data. We developed the MINIMOD-Secondary Data (MINIMOD-SD) tool, which uses household consumption and expenditure survey data and other secondary data to estimate apparent nutrient intakes and model the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of micronutrient intervention programs. We present the SD tool methodology and results in the context of Cameroon, with a particular focus on vitamin A (VA) for children and folate for women of reproductive age (WRA). We compared the MINIMOD-SD tool estimates with those of the full MINIMOD tool, which uses 24-h dietary recall data. Qualitatively, however, the two tools were generally consistent in predicted subnational patterns of micronutrient adequacy and identification of effective and cost-effective (cost per child/WRA moving from inadequate to adequate intake) interventions. Secondary data and the MINIMOD-SD tool can provide policymakers with information to qualitatively assess deficiency risks and identify cost-effective interventions. However, accurately quantifying individual-level deficiency or dietary inadequacy and intervention effectiveness and cost-effectiveness will likely require individual-level dietary data and biomarker measurements.

New York Academy of Sciences Adams et al. December 2021
  • West and Central Africa
  • Research
  • Case study