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Prenatal multiple micronutrient supplementation has greater impact on birthweight than supplementation with iron and folic acid: a cluster-randomized, double-blind, controlled programmatic study in rural Niger

This study assessed the effects of prenatal supplementation with United Nations International Multiple Micronutrient Preparation (UNIMMAP)-Multiple Micronutrient Supplementation (MMS) compared with iron folic acid (IFA) on average birthweight and incidence of low birthweight in Niger. There was a 14% fall in the incidence of low birthweight with MMS from IFA. The impact of multiple micronutrients was greater when the supplements were taken for more than 150 days. The incidence of low birthweight was further reduced in women who entered pregnancy with a poorer nutrition status.

Food and Nutrition Bulletin Zagré et. al September 2007
  • West and Central Africa
  • Research
  • Scientific publication

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